- Henry Johnson
Drum of Japan. Dai means ‘big’ and byōshi/hyōshi means ‘rhythm’. It is a double-headed, rope-tensioned cylindrical drum with a head diameter of about 24 to 60 cm. The body, made from wooden planks, is usually about 45 to 50 cm long, although larger instruments are sometimes made. When the head diameters exceed 60 cm the instrument is usually called okedōdaiko, although some smaller instruments are also sometimes called by this name. The heads, which are made from horse or cattle hide, extend about 6 cm beyond the rim, and each is sewn to a hoop; the hoops are roped together and, as the ropes are pulled tight, the extended part of the head bends very little, as the skins have been hardened at this part and are able to withstand a great deal of tension. The instrument is usually placed on a stand at the desired angle for playing, and the player strikes one head with two long beaters. The ...