- Margaret J. Kartomi
- , revised by Andrew C. McGraw
Xylophone of Nias, Indonesia, found also in Mentawai, Kalimantan (Punan areas), the Toala area of South Sulawesi, and in Madagascar. In Nias it consists of three or four loose wooden bars about 30 to 40 cm long, either flat or with curved tops, suspended across the thighs of the players or across a hollow wooden box. Traditionally they were tuned to the first three pitches of an unfixed pentatonic scale common to Nias that varies greatly between regions. When included, a fourth bar is tuned to the fifth pitch of this scale. Da’uli-da’uli were traditionally constructed by farmers in the field and often discarded there after the harvest. Women played them while guarding the rice fields at harvest time. Nowadays the bars are often mounted on a tall frame and played by standing musicians. In this modern form the bars are attached to the frame as with the Javanese gambang...