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date: 16 November 2019


  • Gert-Matthias Wegner
  •  and Simonne Bailey


Double-headed barrel drum of the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. The body, about 40 cm long and 21 cm maximum diameter, is usually made of wood but occasionally of brass. The lower-pitched head, made from cowhide, is struck with a wooden stick; the higher-pitched head, of goatskin, is 1 or 2 cm smaller and struck by the hand. The drum is played together with bhuchyā and sichyā cymbals during processions, dances, and navabājā (nine-drum ensemble) performances. When used in Bhaktapur navabājā performance the drum is called kakhi and decorated with horns from Himalayan mountain sheep. For Buddhist processional music it is painted red and decorated with Chinese ‘longlife’ ideograms in gold paint, and played by Sākya gold- and silversmiths.

S. Wiehler-Schneider and H. Wiehler: ‘A Classification of the Traditional Musical Instruments of the Nevars’, Journal of the Nepal Research Centre, vol.4 (1980), 67–132.

See also Ḍholak ...

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