- Patricia Matusky
Drum of Sarawak, Malaysia. Its cylindrical wooden body is about 60 cm long. At both ends of the body a head about 22 cm in diameter made of tree bark or animal skin (typically cow, goat, or deer) is stretched across the opening. Rattan laces sewn into the edge of each head connect to the closer of two braided rattan hoops surrounding the body some 10 to 15 cm from each rim. The two hoops are further secured and connected with rattan laces running along the body in a criss-cross pattern. Small wooden wedges inserted between the body and the hoops tauten the heads. Usually one head is struck with the player’s hand and the other with a bamboo stick, but sometimes a pair of sticks is used to strike both heads. The Bidayuh people use the dumbak together with hanging, bossed gongs, and the Iban people include it in their ...