- Henry Johnson
Type of Japanese drum used in gagaku (court music). The name gakudaiko points to the context of performance and to the form of the instrument: gaku (referring to gagaku); daiko/taiko (drum). The gakudaiko is also known by several other names, including gagakudaiko (‘drum of gagaku’) and tsuridaiko (‘suspended drum’). The general term taiko is also used for the instrument. More generally, the term gakudaiko is also used to refer collectively to gagaku drums; and a further use of the term is to refer to a similar drum (hiratsuridaiko) used in kabuki. While used primarily in gagaku, the drum is also known in some Buddhist and Shintō contexts. The gakudaiko is a double-headed frame drum with a shallow barrel shape. It has a cattle-skin head at each end that is attached to the wooden body by metal studs all around the circumference. The body is about 21 cm long and 53 to 58 cm in diameter. A characteristic of the ...