- Andrew C. McGraw
(1) Obscure xylophone of eastern Madura, Indonesia. It incorporates five bamboo bars laid across a temporary foundation of separate logs with a shallow resonating pit dug into the ground beneath the bars. The galundhang is morphologically similar to other rare Indonesian log xylophones including the sene ha’u, an instrument with nine bars used by the Atoni people of Timor, and the katongoa kayu of Sumbawa as well as instruments found in Mentawi, West Madura, Flores, Lio, Central Timor, Tanimbar (Maluku), and North Sulawesi.
(2) Ensemble of the eastern Sumenep region of Madura, Indonesia. The modern Madurese galundhang ensemble includes a frame xylophone also called the galundhang but including ten bamboo bars tuned to the five-tone slendro system and played by a single musician using two padded mallets. Other instruments include a wooden gambang (xylophone) and bamboo suling (ring flute) very similar to those found in the Central Javanese gamelan. The ...