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  • Gini Gorlinski


Xylophone used primarily by the Toba Batak people but also by the Simalungun, and historically, by the Karo (with whom it is now obsolete), all in the vicinity of Lake Toba, northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The neighboring Pakpak play a similar instrument called kalondang. The number of bars varies depending on local tradition and musical context. In the early 20th century, most instruments had five thick bars, 25 to 40 cm long. 21st-century instruments typically have seven or eight bars, although some have a dozen or more. Many ...

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Yearbook for Traditional Music