- Andrew C. McGraw
Idiochord tube zither of Indonesia. It is a bamboo internode 35 to 70 cm long with one or more strings prised from the epidermis and raised by small wooden bridges placed at both ends. In some varieties a small bamboo or wooden tongue, about 5 by 4 cm, is affixed to the centre of the string to lower the pitch and increase resonance. The instrument appears to have diffused from Madagascar to the Philippines through successive Austronesian migrations. The Balinese guntang features a single string struck with a small padded mallet halfway between the bridge and tongue. A narrow opening is cut lengthwise below the string and the internode is closed at one end. It is found most often in the gaguntangan (arja) and janger ensembles in which multiple guntang of differing sizes (called from large to small, guntang gede, guntang kempur, guntang cenik, and guntang kajar or ...