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date: 16 November 2019


  • Margaret J. Kartomi
  • , revised by Gini Gorlinski


Frame drum of the Minangkabau people of western Sumatra, Indonesia. Its goatskin head is tacked on to the frame and typically measures 20 to 25 cm in diameter. Some indang have metal jingles, typically affixed loosely within two openings in the frame. The head is slapped with the palm or tapped lightly with the fingers. Players normally hold the indang in the left hand and strike it with the right. The indang most notably accompanies an animated song-dance genre of the same name, performed by a group of men and, more recently, women, often in separate groups. The singer-dancers sit cross-legged in a long row while playing a variety of interlocking rhythms on the indang, singing songs with Muslim or political themes, and swinging their arms and upper body synchronously in all directions. In Pariaman and some other parts of the Minangkabau area the indang is known as rapa’i; as such, it is sometimes played with gongs, drums, and occasionally, a flute or reed instrument in the ...

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