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date: 16 November 2019


  • Margaret J. Kartomi
  • , revised by Andrew C. McGraw


Idioglot aerophone of the Alas districts of Aceh province, Sumatra, Indonesia. It is a fresh rice stalk with a single beating reed cut upwards in the side near the top, and several fingerholes. The reed end of the instrument is placed in the player’s mouth while blowing so that the reed vibrates inside the mouth. It is called ole-ole (oli-oli) in the Batak Toba areas of North Sumatra, pepeon in the Gayo districts of Aceh, and wa in other parts of Aceh. In the S’adan and northwest Toraja areas of central Sulawesi it is called om-om; in Sunda, western Java, dami or jarami; and in central Java, demen. In the Manggarai area of Flores it is known as ra’us woja and has two or three fingerholes. In northern Nias it is called sigu waghe, and lai waghe in the south, where it has three fingerholes or none and can terminate in a bell of conically rolled palm leaf....

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