Jhyāli [jhyāmṭa, jhurmā]
- Gert-Matthias Wegner
- and Simonne Bailey
Cymbals of central Nepal. The jhyāli are approximately 1.5 mm thick and typically 23 cm in diameter with a central boss rising 3.5 cm. Jhurmā are about 20 cm in diameter and have a central boss about 6 cm tall and 10 cm in diameter. Both are made either from brass or an alloy of brass, copper, silver, zinc, and gold, and are played by damāi tailor-musicians in the pañcaibājā ensemble. The term jhyāli is also used by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley for the bau (baucā, babhu, khvālimāli, jyālicā), made of thin brass with slightly inward-curving rims, 10 to 12 cm in diameter, with a shallow boss threaded with a cord or leather handle. These are used with various drums to accompany singing groups, instrumental ensembles such as drumming and flute ensembles, and masked dances.
The bhusyāḥ˙ (bhuchyāḥ˙) are thin brass cymbals normally about 23 cm diameter (but sizes vary considerably) with a round boss and cord or leather handle. They are used in instrumental ensembles such as ...