- Andrew C. McGraw
Bronze gong of Bali. It is used in ensembles including the gamelan semar pegulingan, gamelan wayang batel, gamelan paarjaan, and gamelan pelegongan. It is approximately 23 cm in diameter and 9 cm deep and rests horizontally in a wooden stand or in the lap. Unlike most Balinese and Javanese gongs, the boss of the kajar is depressed into the body to be nearly flush with the face of the instrument. The sunken boss produces a muted tone with an indistinct fundamental and speeds tonal decay. The kajar is beaten with an unpadded wooden mallet (panggul) held in the right hand and is muted by the left hand. In fast tempos the kajar performs the beat; in slower tempos it performs complex patterns that imitate the strokes of the two kendang drums. The boss is struck while the gong is damped to imitate the open tone of the higher drum (...