- Margaret J. Kartomi
- , revised by Patricia Matusky
Gong chime of Sumatra and Malaysia. In northern Jambi province (Kuala Tungkal), Sumatra, it consists of nine small, thin-rimmed, bossed gongs in a single-row frame. The term also denotes an ensemble comprising a keromong, a pair of gendang panjang (cylindrical drums), and a pair of gongs. It accompanies ceremonial dances and is said to have originated in South Sumatra, where the name is also used.
In the gamelan Trengganu in Peninsular Malaysia it has two rows each of five bronze bossed gongs set horizontally on thick cords strung in parallel in a wooden rack about 30 to 35 cm above ground level. The player, sitting on the floor in front of the rack, strikes the bosses with a pair of padded beaters. All gongs are tuned in the five-tone joget gamelan scale system (pitches 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6), with the row of low-octave gongs closer to the player. The ...