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date: 22 November 2019


  • Mireille Helffer
  • , revised by Gert-Matthias Wegner
  •  and Simonne Bailey


(1) Generic term for ‘drum’ in Newari, used compositely in the names of many drums, for example koṃcākhīṃ, kоṃkhīṃсā (small drum); dāpā khīт mākhīṃ (for dāpā music); desīkhīṃ (drum from the des area, i.e. India); dyokhīṃ (drum used in the cult of Nasadiyo); magakhūṇ, mādal (barrel drum); payṃtakhīṃ (drum used with the payṃtāḥ trumpet); nāykhīṃ (drum used by butchers); and yakakhīṃ (drum with buffalo horns).

(2) [lālākhĩ, dāphākhĩ]. Barrel drum of Nepal, with a wooden body up to 59 cm long and cowhide heads 24 and 29 cm in diameter, tuned with paste. It is played with elaborate finger techniques by the Newar of the Kathmandu Valley to accompany dance and singing groups. The khĩ is always accompanied by pairs of tāḥ and jhyāli cymbals and sometimes by pairs of trumpets (pvaṅgā). The latter practice is vanishing.

See also Jhyāli; Pvaṅgā.

S. Wiehler-Schneider and H. Wiehler: ‘A Classification of the Traditional Musical Instruments of the Nevars’, ...

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