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date: 22 November 2019


  • Margaret J. Kartomi
  • , revised by Mayco A. Santaella


(1) Ensemble of trough-resonated xylophones in Minahasa, North Sulawesi. It consists of two yuk, one bas, one selo, two gitar bas, two terkwin, and one melodi. The melodi is played with two headless sticks about 10 cm long, and the others with two or three padded beaters (two in the player’s right hand and one in the left). The bars are tuned in semitones. All instruments are made entirely of cempaka wood (frangipani). The melodi has two rows of bars encompassing more than three octaves, with the naturals in the lower row and the accidentals in the upper row, raised slightly above the naturals. The longest bar is about 35 cm long and sounds approximately B. This instrument produces the main upper melodic line, often in octaves or 3rds, with frequent glissandos. The terkwin has a single chromatic row of 12 bars, the longest of which measures about 48 cm. The ...

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