Kvakhĩ [kvakhĩcā, kvacākhĩ, bagaḥkhĩ]
- Gert-Matthias Wegner
- and Simonne Bailey
[kvakhĩcā, kvacākhĩ, bagaḥkhĩ]
Kettledrum of Nepal. It is made in the shape of a local alcoholic-beverage pot. The body, 33 to 45 cm deep and 18 to 20 cm in diameter, is made from clay, brass, or copper. The goatskin head is secured with V-lacing of leather, and tuned with paste (khau). A 3-cm hole in the base can be covered by the left hand to mute the sound while the right hand strikes the head with elaborate finger techniques. The kvakhĩ is played by Newar farmers of the Kathmandu Valley in navabājā (‘nine drums’) ensembles in Patan and Bhaktapur, in flute ensembles and in the unique kvakhĩ dāphā singing ensemble in the Bhairavnath temple area of Bhaktapur. It is accompanied by tāḥ and jhyāli cymbals.G.-M. Wegner: ‘Navadāphā of Bhaktapur—Repertoire and Performance of the Ten Drums’, N. Gutschow and A. Michaels, ed., Nepalica, vol.4/22 (1987), 469–88.