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date: 18 November 2019

Maśak [mashq]locked

  • Alastair Dick,
  • Geneviève Dournon
  •  and Andrew Alter



Name for the bagpipe in the Indian subcontinent. In northern areas the traditional bagpipe has single-reed pipes, usually twinned, one for the melody and the other a drone. The name (Pers.: ‘leather bag’) suggests a Middle Eastern origin, though it is found also further south under different names (śruti upaṅga, bajānāśruti, titti), and there appears to be a stylistic relationship in its playing with the indigenous pūngī (double clarinet with gourd wind cap). In several areas—notably North-West Frontier Province (Pakistan), where it is called also bīṇ bājā, and Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (India)—it appears in the folk naubat or ceremonial band, replacing or supporting the śahnāī (oboe), though it also accompanies dance (Frontier Province) and popular lyrical music (Madhya Pradesh). Often the traditional maśak has been replaced by the Scottish Highland bagpipe, introduced by British regiments, with single-reed drones and double-reed chanter. In some places Scottish pipes have been adopted where the ...

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Asian Music