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date: 19 November 2019


  • Margaret J. Kartomi
  • , revised by Patricia Matusky


(1) Oboe of Sumatra. In the Bengkalis–Siak area of Riau province it is made of copper or wood. It has a double reed of coconut leaf or rattan that fits through a square plate onto a tube with seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. The tube flares at the bottom. It is used in the nobat ensemble in Riau. With a gendang (drum) and a gong it accompanies the ‘red fingernail dance’ in Pulau Tujuh, Riau.

(2) Malaysian trumpet. In the courts of Peninsular Malaysia, the nafiri is usually made of silver, often with decorative bands encircling the body at intervals along its length. It is about 80 cm long with a mouthpiece cup about 3 cm in diameter. The wide, detachable bell is often decorated with geometric shapes and bamboo shoot and floral motifs. The bell of the nafiri in the Perak nobat ensemble also carries the state emblem. In ...

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