Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 13 November 2019

Orupi [hu’a-ha’u, ngoa-ngao]locked

  • Andrew C. McGraw


[hu’a-ha’u, ngoa-ngao]

Heteroglot clarinet of Flores, Indonesia. It is an open bamboo tube, 7 to 12 cm long, with one end cut at a slant. A bamboo leaf is placed against this slanting opening, forming a reed, its ends jammed into an incision in the outer layer of the tube. This end of the tube, including the reed, is placed in the player’s mouth and blown so that the leaf vibrates against the opening. Most instruments do not have fingerholes; the player obtains different pitches by blowing more or less hard and varying the mouth shape. Occasionally the tube is connected to a larger bamboo resonator tube. Some instruments incorporate reeds at both ends of the tube, allowing them to be played from either end, in which case one end is considered male, the other female. This type of instrument is widespread in Indonesia and has various regional names. In the central Ende region it is called ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.