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date: 16 November 2019

Pat-waìng [hsaìng-waìng]locked

  • Judith Becker
  • , revised by Gavin Douglas



Drum chime of Myanmar. It consists of 21 tuned drums suspended from the inside of a circular wooden frame. The drums are made of wood with two laced heads and are 12 to 40 cm tall. They encompass more than three octaves. The wooden frame is approximately 1 metre tall and is often ornamented with inlaid glass and painted gold. The player sits on a stool in the centre and only his head and shoulders are visible from the outside. The drums hang vertically within the frame so that the musician plays on the upper heads only. Each drum is tuned with a paste (pat sa, literally ‘drum food’) made in the past from rice but nowadays largely synthetic; it focuses the pitch to a clean tone with few overtones. The paste is applied before each performance and removed after playing. During performance the player will retune several times (while the other instruments in the ensemble take the melody) through the application or removal of ...

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