Peruncong (keruncong, tangbut)
- Patricia Matusky
Idiophone of the Bidayuh people of southern Sarawak, Malaysia. It consists of a set of tuned bamboo tubes which are often beaten to imitate gongs, and as entertainment when groups are returning from planting. The tubes range up to 1 metre long. The bottom end of each tube is closed by the natural node, while near the top end about one-half of the wall is cut away to serve as a sound hole. The tube is held in one hand and struck by a wooden stick. Interlocking rhythmic patterns are created when certain players beat out a continuously running rhythm, while others play intermediate beats. Alternatively, two or more players can beat specific, short rhythmic patterns, all of which interlock to form one complete resultant pattern. There are no bass notes, so the range of pitches in the peruncong is more limited than that of gong ensembles. The Kayan and Kenyah communities of Sarawak also play small sets of tuned bamboo tubes called ...