- David Morton
- , revised by Terry E. Miller
Generic term for various types of aerophones, in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. This article discusses instruments classified as oboes.
Thailand has two important oboe types: those with a nearly cylindrical bore and those with a bell and conical bore. The pī with a nearly cylindrical bore (actually slightly conical) is easily identified by the external shape which bulges slightly in the middle and flares at both ends. This type is usually made of hardwood, but rarely also from marble. The upper end is enclosed with a flat, hard, rubber disc with a small hole in the centre into which the staple is inserted. The lower end is often lengthened by the addition of wax around the open hole to tune the instrument. Six fingerholes are situated along the bulge—four in a group separated by a small space from the two lower holes. Around the bulge, 14 pairs of narrow rings are lathe-turned in the wood, and smoothed and polished to enhance the appearance of the instrument. Two extra pairs of rings are sometimes added at each end to support the fingers. Although the ...