- Margaret J. Kartomi
- , revised by Jeremy Montagu
Aerophone of Java, Sulawesi, and Alor, Indonesia; it exists in various types. In Central Java the puwi-puwi is an idioglot clarinet. It has a wooden, conically bored body with six fingerholes and a thumbhole, and a rattan reed with a downcut tongue.
In the Makassar area and the northernmost province of Sulawesi the puwi-puwi is a clarinet about 23 cm long, made from three lengths of bamboo fitted together. It is mentioned in the historical chronicle Lontara Makassar, which suggests that it was once used in the courts. In south Sulawesi the clarinets have a cylindrical body of one piece of bamboo, sometimes with a reed, again downcut, integral with the body, sometimes as a separate piece inserted, and a conical bell of coiled pandanus leaf. Four fingerholes are burned into a flattened face of the body. Double clarinets are also used in the south, with the two bamboo tubes tied together with a thin wooden lath between them for stability; there is no bell. Their inserted reeds, with a thin cord tuning bridle, are upcut and fingerholes vary from four to six....