Pvaṅgā [poṃgaḥ, ponga]
- Mireille Helffer
- , revised by Gert-Matthias Wegner
- and Simonne Bailey
Straight copper trumpet of the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. It is about 90 cm long and comprises three or four sections of slightly conical tubing ending in a bell about 5.5 cm in diameter. It has a shallow disc mouthpiece 2.5 to 3.5 cm in diameter and about 5 cm deep. The trumpet is supported by a collapsible bamboo stick. The bell is sometimes decorated with a hanging copper leaf, and a strap attaching the supporting stick to the instrument can also bear hanging decorations. Pvaṅgā are played together with kvatāḥ, dhāḥ, lālākhī, and nāykhĩ in instrumental and masked dance ensembles. Traditionally the trumpet is blown by more than one player so that each can rest in turn. Only two partial tones are played to enunciate the rhythmic patterns used by the accompanying drums. The pvaṇgā has an important role in directing the attention of the gods towards the music being played....