- Henry Johnson
Zither of Japan. It is a short, readily portable version of the koto, and its name refers to its size and type: tan (short); goto (koto). The tangoto was devised by Miyagi Michio (1894–1956) and first sold in 1932. It was about 4 shaku long (121.2 cm) and was made by the Tsurukawa koto shop. Unlike the standard koto, the tangoto had tuning pins on the head of the instrument (to the player’s right), but later these were placed inside the head extremity. The first instruments had folding front legs, and smaller movable bridges for the lowest four strings. Nowadays a variety of smaller types of koto are made, with many different names, and the term tangoto is seldom used. Instrument makers often use a traditional measuring system when defining the length of some smaller koto, such as sanshakugoto (3 shaku koto: 90.9 cm), yonshakugoto (4 ...