Terbang [terebang, rebana]
- Margaret J. Kartomi
- , revised by Andrew C. McGraw
Frame drum of Indonesia. It has a goatskin head pinned or glued to a wooden frame. Some drums include a metal ring below the body to which the head is attached via leather straps. Several wooden wedges are inserted between the ring and the body to add tension to the head. In Cirebon, West Java, there are five sizes of named terbang: the bibid (about 45 cm in diameter), the kempyang (about 40 cm), the darah (about 36 cm), the induk (about 30 cm), and the kempli (about 26 cm). These are used with four genjring (frame drums with jingles) in the terbang ensemble to accompany religious singing; the nine drums symbolize the nine prophets (wali sanga) of early Muslim Java. The leader of the ensemble is normally a genjring player and the relatively high-pitched genjring play the more complex and varied rhythms in interlocking fashion; but the solo introduction is played on a ...