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date: 27 January 2020


  • Margaret J. Kartomi
  • , revised by Andrew C. McGraw


Plucked spike lute of eastern Flores, Indonesia. Its resonator is half a coconut shell with a soundtable made from betel-nut leaf, wood, or cardboard sewn on with fibre cord through holes in the top edge of the shell. A long flat lath of bamboo passes through the shell to form the neck and spike. A single gut or fibre string is tied to the ends of this lath, tightly enough to form a bow, with the taut string pressing against the soundtable. Immediately below the resonator, a movable loop of fibre is tied around the string and the bamboo lath, with which the player can alter the pitch while plucking the string segment above the resonator. The instrument’s total length is about 45 to 57 cm....

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