Bugarabu [bugáar, bougarabou, bucarabu, bugorobu]
- Lucy Durán
- , revised by David Font-Navarrete
[bugáar, bougarabou, bucarabu, bugorobu]
Set of three or four single-headed drums of the Jola people of Senegal and the Gambia. The drums, from 65 to 140 cm long and 23 to 45 cm in diameter, are usually carved from buchelab or buyey logs into a slightly conical shape, often with a flare near the open end, and are typically decorated with simple carving or paint. The heads are made from cowhide or, less often, goatskin and attached to the shell with wood pegs and leather strips. Each drum in the set is variously tuned by heating at an open fire. They are played as a set, always by one male drummer, arranged side by side, propped at an angle, and tilted away from the drummer against a wooden stand, with the open end on the ground. The drummer plays with his bare hands and has iron jingles (siwangas) attached to his wrists. Bugarabu drumming is usually joined by women playing palm-wood clappers (...