Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 13 November 2019

ceṇḍa [ceṇḍe]locked

  • Pribislav Pitoëff



Double-headed drum of Kerala, south India. The body is a cylinder of jackwood, 55 cm tall and 22 cm in diameter. The heads are glued to two hoops of wood or bamboo, 32 cm in diameter and 4 cm high, and held very taut at either end of the body by W-shaped lacings, each tuned by a movable ring placed on the lacings. On some modern ceṇḍa the heads are attached with metal screw rods. The heads are of cow- or calfhide: one head is made of a single layer, the other has six or seven extra layers glued on the inside. The drum is held vertically by a fabric strap passed over the player’s shoulder; a great variety of strokes is obtained on the thin head, either by two curved sticks or by one stick and a hand; the other head is occasionally beaten to mark the time....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.