Chianuri [chianduri, chuniri]
- Nino Razmadze
Spike fiddle of Georgia. The chuniri (from Svaneti), with three strings, is documented in written sources from the second half of the 17th century. It is 70–80 cm long and the open-bottomed wooden drumlike body has a skin sound-table. Rarely it has a boat-like body made of wood, clay, or gourd; in the last case the lower side is closed, and the sound table has three soundholes. The flat neck passes through the body, terminating at the bottom in a supporting leg and at the top in a spade-shaped pegbox. The short arched bow is made of easily bent wood such as cornel, nut-tree, or birch. The strings, formerly of horsehair, nowadays usually nylon, are tuned to a 2nd and 3rd. The chuniri is used in ensemble playing with the harp changi to accompany singing and dancing; improved versions of the instrument are used in Georgian folk orchestras. The chianuri...