Čɫx̣ʷálqʷ [sepú‧nmeʔs mítʼip]
- Chad Stephen Hamill
End-blown flute of the Native Americans of the Columbia Plateau. It is called čɫx̣ʷálqʷ by the Interior Salish and sepú‧nmeʔs mítʼip by the Sahaptin. A heated metal rod is used to push the pith out of a straight section of elderberry stalk 38 to 60 cm long and about 2.5 cm in diameter, and to burn fingerholes (typically six) into the stalk; often an additional non-fingered hole is made near the bottom. A V-shaped slot is cut near the proximal end and partially filled with pine pitch to deflect the air; the slot is covered with a rawhide block to direct the wind over the pitch and against the lower end of the V. Historically it was used by men to court women; nowadays it is more commonly used for personal enjoyment....