Dunun [dundun, djoundjoung; ngangan, konkonin]
- Rainer Polak
[dundun, djoundjoung; ngangan, konkonin]
Double-headed cylindrical drum with several varieties widespread among Manding-speaking peoples and their neighbours in the Sahel and Sudan belts of West Africa (Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast). Dunun also is a generic term for ‘drum’ in Manding languages.
The bodies are traditionally carved from wood, but modern shells are often trimmed from recycled metal containers. The heads, of cow, calf, or goat skin, are sewn to a strap running around the shell just below the rim. The straps of both heads are connected by lacing, which applies tension to the heads. The lacing, formerly rawhide or leather, is nowadays mainly synthetic rope. In urban and international contexts, the traditional sewing technique for mounting the heads tends to be replaced by clamp tensioning with iron rings, following the model of the modern jembe drum. Only one head is struck, with a single curved or rectangularly hafted drumstick made from wood or raffia palm leaf stalk. Some ...