- Ferdinand J. de Hen
Stopped flute ensemble of the Amba and Yira peoples of the border region of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The individual pipes are made from a plant locally known as lumaluma. The stopped lower ends of the pipes are decorated with tufts of animal hair or tassels of raffia, and Amba pipes are sometimes covered with plaited raffia. The instruments are played by men and boys, for various social and ceremonial occasions. Players dance in a circle around an ensemble of drums; participation is usually restricted to members of the same extended family or warrior group. Mbuti Pygmies in the same area also play similar pipes.
Formerly the term was applied to raft panpipes of the Amba and Yira. First reported in 1907, the instrument has now apparently disappeared. The embouchure was deeply cupped and the raft strengthened by three cross-bars.M. Trowell and K. Wachsmann: Tribal Crafts of Uganda...