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date: 14 November 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by Amanda Villepastour


Open single-headed hourglass drum of fixed pitch, of the Hausa and Bolewa people of Nigeria. The body (kango), approximately 22 cm long, 14 cm in diameter at the ends, and 9 cm in diameter at the waist, is carved from k’irya wood, with a head of gazelle skin laced on; the head has a snare (zaga). The drum is either suspended upright from the player’s neck at hip level and played with two beaters (’ya’yan kazagi) made from wire wrapped in cloth and bound with leather, or hung obliquely across the left shoulder and beaten with a hooked stick (maka’di). Its main function is as supporting instrument to cylindrical drums such as the ganga, gangan noma, or dundufa in accompanying girls’ dancing, the performance of praise songs for farmers, and among the Maguzawa (non-Muslim Hausa) at marriages, feasts, and other ceremonies.

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