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date: 19 November 2019

Kyondo [kiondo]locked

  • J. Gansemans,
  • K.A. Gourlay
  •  and Ferdinand J. de Hen



Cylindrical slit drum of the Luba, Kamfwa, Mwanza, Bangubangu, Holoholo, and Sampwe peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made from a hollowed log 50 to 60 cm long and 15 to 20 cm in diameter. Other names reported for slit drums of this size in the DRC are yondo (Vira people), tsh(i)ondo (Bangubangu) and eshiondo (Luba). Two square holes linked by a slit are cut in the upper part, and the sides of the opening are so carved that each has a different thickness, producing two tones at an interval of a 2nd or a 3rd. The side giving the higher pitch is called didimba dilume (‘male side’), the other didimba dikasi (‘female side’). The drum is struck with two rubber-tipped beaters. It has three functions: to transmit messages in and around the village; to attract the attention of spirits and bring luck to the players of the men’s game ...

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