Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 14 November 2019

Torban [teorban]locked

  • Laurence Libin

Extract

[teorban]

Plucked lute of Ukraine. It resembles the theorbo in having a set of unfretted bass strings (typically four or six) off the fingerboard, extending to a separate pegbox, but it also has 12 to 14 unfretted treble strings (prystrunky) off the fingerboard on the opposite side, tuned by pegs inserted into the shoulder of the pear-shaped, ribbed soundbox. The torban also resembles the kobza, which however lacks the unfretted bass strings and their separate pegbox. The torban’s invention has been credited speculatively to a monk, Tuliglowski, from Jasna Gora, about 1735–40, but the term was used earlier, indiscriminately, for any type of lute-like instrument. The torban proper was occasionally encountered in 19th-century Lithuania, Poland, and Russia. Because of its complexity and cost it was considered an instrument of the upper classes, and it attracted some virtuoso players and a small independent repertoire in Eastern Europe before falling out of fashion during the Russian Revolution. Some 40 old torbans are preserved in museums, with a group of 14 in St Petersburg (...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.