- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
- , revised by Philip J. Kass
(b Paris, France, July 18, 1887; d Paris, France, Aug 24, 1963). French bow maker. His grandfather was Joseph Marie Chardon (1843–1930), son-in-law and successor of Georges Chanot (i). He trained as a violin maker with his father, Marie-Joseph Georges Chardon (1870–1949). After service in World War I, he concentrated on bow making while continuing with adjustments and repairs. He also experimented with bow design, and in 1930 adopted the Hill frog-seating method. After taking over the family business in 1949 he was much less active as a bow maker. His bows are fashioned after the Dominique Peccatte model and can be regarded as among the best by 20th-century bow makers. The quality of pernambuco is invariably excellent and the playing qualities are fine. They are branded ‘chanot et chardon Paris’ on the butt and occasionally ‘C.C.C.’ or ‘C.C. Paris’ on the lower facet beneath the frog. He was also an eminent violin maker....