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date: 16 December 2019


  • Alastair Dick


Medieval double-headed cylindrical drum of India. In the 13th-century Saṅgītaratnākara it is described as about 48 cm long and 25 cm in diameter. The heads are stretched on creeper hoops which have seven holes for tension cords. The drum is carried on a shoulder strap and played on the left side with the hand and on the right with a crook-stick. As the description is very similar to that of the medieval Arab ...

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