Ḍuggī [ḍugḍugī, ḍugḍugā, ḍaggā]
- Alastair Dick
[ḍugḍugī, ḍugḍugā, ḍaggā]
South Asian term denoting a small, finger-played kettledrum or bowl drum, generally of clay; it is played singly or as a pair. The terms ḍuggī and ḍaggā may also denote the bass drum otherwise known as bāyā of the modern north Indian art-music drum pair.
Meadows Taylor (1864) recorded the use of the dugdugâ, a small hand-drum used chiefly by mendicants and ballad singers, in the mid-19th century. In this tradition, the single small clay kettledrum ḍuggī is still used by the mendicant Baul singers of Bengal, attached to a waist belt and played by the fingers and hand, especially to accompany their own dancing. In its modern form the Baul ḍuggī is similar to the bāyā of the tablā, having a double skin with the upper one cut away in the centre to leave an outer ring, and with a permanent black tuning paste on the exposed lower skin, placed off-centre. The bracing of the skins is somewhat simpler, however: they are wrapped around a simple hoop and laced by cotton cords to a lower hoop in a V-pattern....