Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 18 November 2019


  • Alastair Dick


Pair of small wooden drums of Kashmir, South Asia. They are played with the fingers as part of the devotional art-music ensemble sūfiāna kalām. The dukrā are the Kashmiri representatives of a tablā prototype drum pair found in northwest India and Pakistan and known elsewhere as dukkar (Punjab), dhukkar (Sind), and so on. Like the tablā, by which it is now sometimes replaced, the dukrā has a small treble right-hand drum and a larger bass left-hand one, both with a double skin braced by leather V-lacings running between two leather hoops, the upper laced to the skins and the lower held by a ledge at the bottom of the drums. The treble also has wooden tuning-blocks. Unlike the Hindustani instruments both drums are of wood and are the same shape—a lightly tapering truncated cone (like the right-hand tablā). Another difference is in the permanent black tuning-paste in the middle of the skin of the treble drum. The dukrā is a recent substitute for the ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.