Ghuṅgrū [ghungar, ghungur, ghughrā, etc.]
- Alastair Dick
[ghungar, ghungur, ghughrā, etc.]
Small pellet bells of South Asia, usually in the form of a sphere of bell-metal with a slit; inside, a single iron pellet jingles when the bell is shaken. The bells are suspended by a string or leather strap threaded through an integral ring, and worn on different parts of the body for dancing; they can also be attached as jingles to drums, clappers, rattles, and so on. The name ghuṅgrū is a modern onomatopoeic north Indian form; other northern names and types include rāmjhol (Rajasthan), bhaironjī-ke-ghunghrū (Rajasthan), painjan (north India), and sokocandu (southern Bihar). Older Sanskrit terms include nūpura, mañjīrā, kinkim, ghantī, and ksudraghantikā; all are used nowadays, but sometimes in different senses. Southern terms are gejjal, spelt keccai, and salangai (Tamil Nadu), gejjalu (Andhra Pradesh), gejje (Karnataka), and muyang among the Gond of Madhya Pradesh. The ghungr-gejjai type is found in folkdance, but also used in classical dance, where they are carefully tuned and are often worshipped by the dancer before being used. In the classical ...