King (fretted stick zither)
- Alastair Dick
Fretted stick zither of the Panjab and Jammu, northwestern India. The stick is about 80 cm long; a deep flat bridge of Indian type sits on a vertical projection at the lower end. Two large whole gourd resonators are tied into small wooden sockets at about one-quarter distance from the ends. There are seven upright brass-capped wooden frets and a nut; the single wire string is attached to a lateral tuning-peg. The king is held diagonally across the body with the left gourd resting on the shoulder and is plucked with the fingers. It is of the kinnarī vīṇā type, whence its name.
The related name kingṙā denotes an Indian fretted stick zither described in the Ā’īn-i-akbarī (c1590) as having two gut strings and small gourds. It is also of the kinnarī vīṇā type.
King also denotes a slit drum of the Solomon Islands....