- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
(b Nürnberg, Germany, Jan 9, 1685; d Nürnberg, Germany, June 5, 1760). German violin maker. His antecedents as a violin maker are unknown, and he possibly apprenticed in the Tyrol or Italy. Certainly, his best instruments step beyond the usual confines of the German school. His earliest surviving instrument is a pochette dated 1708, and his latest a violin of 1760. Maussiell’s instruments follow the Stainer and Tecchler models but are too individual to be considered copies. The archings on the smaller instruments are high, while those on his (rarer) large ones vary from broad to medium. Instead of the standard scroll, Maussiell often carved a lion’s or woman’s head, and he also frequently used fishbone for purfling. His printed labels, which can be large, are in either latinized or germanic type; occasionally he used a much smaller, handwritten label. The varnish is of good quality and usually ranges between a yellow-brown and red-brown. Tonally his larger, flatly arched instruments are best although all his violins tend towards an alto timbre....