Melegari, Enrico Clodoveo
- Philip J. Kass
(b Porporano, nr Parma, Italy, Sept 12, 1835; d Turin, Italy, Feb 12, 1895). Italian violin maker. As a child he was sent to study music with the Benedictines, but when the Duke of Parma suppressed the Order in 1849 he returned home to learn woodworking from his father. After the Second Italian War of Independence, Enrico and his brother Pietro (b Porporano, 2 June 1842; d Turin, 13 July 1874) left for Genoa, where they worked in the Arsenale, during the same period in which Enrico Rocca worked there. About 1870 they settled in Turin, and although they had no formal training, began making violins according to their own concepts. Early works were labelled as the Fratelli Melegari, but after Pietro’s death Enrico used his own label. He had a successful shop in the via Po throughout his career and received honours at expositions in Arezzo, Turin, and Parma....