- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
- , revised by Philip J. Kass
(b Poggio di Bretta nr Ascoli Piceno, Italy, April 6, 1746; d Ascoli, Italy, after 1786). Italian violin maker. Nicknamed ‘II Villano d’Ascoli’, he was self-taught but produced about 200 instruments in his short lifespan. Late in life he received much respect and recognition among musicians, and soon after his death his activities were recorded by writers such as Galeazzi and Cozio. His scrolls usually have small volutes with rounded eyes and an open throat. The roundness is echoed in the body, with fairly round bouts and often full arching. The purfling is notable in that the white strip is considerably broader than the blacks and is usually of slab-cut and reflective wood. The very good tonal qualities of his instruments are the chief reason for his early celebrity....