Panufnik [Panuchnik-Błotnicki], Tomasz
- Benjamin Vogel
(b Brzeźce, nr Warsaw, Poland, June 29, 1875; d Warsaw, Sept 18, 1951). Polish violin maker. After completing studies at the Academy of Metrology and Hydro-engineering in Vienna, he worked as a geologist in Poland and Siberia, and after World War I in Warsaw. Interested in violin making since boyhood, he taught himself and constructed his first original violin after long acoustic studies of old Italian and Polish examples. He created two main models, Antica, referring to Classical forms, and Polonia, referring to wavy Baroque forms based on a 16th-century violin by Martin Groblicz that had a carved woman’s figurehead instead of a scroll, and a characteristic flutey sound. Panufnik recommended the Antica model for ‘coloratura’ music, and Polonia for ‘dramatic’ music. He inlaid Latin mottoes on the violins’ backs and used engraved labels.
From 1914 Panufnik ran his own workshop in Warsaw, during the interwar years as ‘luthier–organologist’. By ...