Pāva [pāvā, pawa, pāvikā, pāvo, pawo]
- Alastair Dick
[pāvā, pawa, pāvikā, pāvo, pawo]
Term for aerophones of South Asia, found in medieval Sanskrit texts, and in modern times occurring mostly in the northwest to denote primarily the end-blown duct flute. The pāva described briefly in the 13th-century Sangītaratnākara is a folk flute, 30 Hindu inches (perhaps about 57 cm) long. The statement that it is wrapped around with bamboo leaf is perhaps best understood as denoting some external duct-producing device (as on the modern Burmese palwei or Javanese suling). The pāvikā of the same text is a small folk flute of bamboo, roughly 23 cm long and as thick as a thumb. It is hollow, to a width corresponding to the tip of a little finger, for all its length. It has a mouthpiece and five fingerholes, and is played to control serpent-demons, fairies, etc.
The pāvā of Rajasthan is a paired duct flute, with one melody pipe and a drone; it is better known as the ...