Rudert, Henryk Krzysztof
- Benjamin Vogel
(b Korneuburg, Austria, 1811; d Warsaw, Poland, April 3, 1862). Austrian-born violin maker and musician, active in Warsaw. He was a son and pupil of Johann Michael Rudert (b Arnholtz-Grün, Saxony, 8 Aug 1781; d Warsaw, 24 Oct 1854), a Saxon violin and string maker, active in Korneuburg, Vienna, and from 1818 in Warsaw. After having worked with his father and studied the violin with Josef Bielawski at the Warsaw Conservatory (c1821–2) Henryk opened his own workshop in 1833. He was one of the best luthiers on Polish soil in the mid-19th century; he made violins after Stradivari, Amati, and Guarneri and his own models, ‘square’ violins after those of the French luthier La Prevotte, violas, cellos, double basses, guitars, double-neck bass guitars, zithers, guitar-cello (a kind of bowed guitar with sympathetic strings), and philomela (a violin-like bowed zither with metal strings and low bridge). Known mostly for violin-family instruments and guitars of high quality, often decorated with silver and ivory inlays and carvings, he won awards at local exhibitions as well as a silver medal in Moscow (...