- Laurence Libin
(b Lidice (Liditz), Bohemia [now Czech Republic], c1769; d Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary), Bohemia [now Czech Republic], May 30, 1812). Bohemian woodwind instrument maker. He married a native of Carlsbad in 1794, and the couple evidently moved to that spa town by about 1800; in 1801 he requested permission to perform in concerts there and applied for rights of domicile, identifying himself as an instrument maker and former musician in Prague’s National Theatre. The couple bought a house in Carlsbad in 1806. At his death his workshop contained four basset horns, four clarinets, two flutes, two bassoons, and one dozen Stadtflöten, probably fifes. His extant instruments are stamped ‘Carlsbaad’ [sic], and several unstamped basset horns might be attributed to him. Most of his 14 known basset horns are of straight form without a ‘box’ (one is in the form of a walking stick), made of boxwood with ivory (sometimes horn) mounts, and have a globular bell and eight to 16 keys. They are usually in F although one is in G. Extant examples resemble those made by Franz Doleisch (...