- Alastair Dick
Long-necked plucked lute of Sind, Pakistan. The instrument is specific to the accompaniment of the Sindi Sufi kāfī, or wā’ī (religious songs), of which the most famous composer is the saint Shah Abdul Latif (1690–1752); the development of the tanbūro is attributed to him. It is also known as Latīf-jo-tanbūro (‘Latif’s tanbūro’).
The lute has an ovoid wooden resonator, either simply hollowed (yak bhandyo) or carvel-built, with ribs (phakdār), and a wooden soundtable. The bridge is of the deep South Asian type. The five pegs are inserted frontally and laterally through the top of the neck; the arrangement of the metal strings is from player’s right to left (unusual for the long-necked lutes of the region, but found also in the danbūro of Sind and Baluchistan). The first, main melody string (zuban: ‘tongue’) is tuned to pa, the middle 5th (e.g. ...